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The predominant specie of Pine processed in our Sawmills is Pinus patula which has an average density of 450kg/m3 at 10% moisture content with a range from 250 ti 610kg/m3. We also process smaller volumes of Pinus elliottii and Pinus taeda which have similar qualities to patula and are well suited for structural products, furniture, door products and mouldings.

The quality of clear pine timber grown in South Africa compares well with that of timber grown in New Zealand and North America.

 

 

Properties Pinus Patula Pinus Radiata Pinus Radiata  Pinus Pnderosa
Distribution South Africa South Africa New Zealand USA, Canada
Density (kg/m3) 350 - 610 350 - 660 428 - 510 480 (variance not available)
MOR (Megapascal) 73 (@450kg/m3) 101 (@530kg/m3) 80 (@430kg/m3) 68 (@480kg/m3)
MOE (Megapascal) 11,050 (@450kg/m3) 13,700 (@530kg/m3) 7,900 (@430kg/m3) 9,300 (@480kg/m3)
Compression/grain (megapascal) 41 (@450kg/m3) 53 (@530kg/m3) 37 (@430kg/m3) 39 (@480kg/m3)
Shrinkage: Green - over dry(%) Rad 3.0
Tang 7.2
(@450kg/m3)
Rad 3.9
Tang 6.5
(@530kg/m3)
Rad 3.4
Tang 7.0(@430kg/m3)
Rad 4.0
Tang 6.0
(@480kg/m3)
Shrinkage: Green - air dry(%) Rad 1.9
Tang 4.8
(@450kg/m3)
Rad 2.4
Tang 4.3
(@450kg/m3)
Rad 2.0
Tang 4.2
(@430kg/m3)
Not Available
Durability Non-durable Non-durable Non-durable Non-durable
Preservation Permeable Permeable Permeable Permeable
Sawing Saws well, early wood tends to tear out during cross-cutting Saws without difficulty Saws without difficulty Saws well, but resin man gum up sawteeth
Bluting of tools Slight Slight Slight Slight
Planing Satisfactory Planes to a smooth, clean finish Planes to a smooth, clean finish Planes to a smooth, clean finish, but pitch buildup may be a problem

 

 Notes: Modulus of rupture (MOR), Modulus of elasticity (MOE) and compression parallel to grain are standard international measures of structural wood strength, and are widely used by engineers.

Radial shrinkage (Rad) is shrinkage in the direction of the tree trunk. Tangential (Tang) means at right angles to the radius. Shrinkage along the length of the tree trunk (longitudinal) is negligibly small.

 

References:

  • CSIR Timber Information database
  • Woods of the World Species Information Database
  • Kininmonth, JA; Whitehouse, LJ (1991): The properties and uses of New Zealand Radiata Pine. Volume 1. New Zealand Ministry of Forestry, Forestry Research industry